troops in May, the Warfield Expedition was disbanded, and on the way home a handful of its members, including Warfield, joined the Snively Expedition on the Arkansas River. Unable to find a Mexican caravan along the Santa Fé Trail, this expedition also broke up; a portion of Snively's command was captured and disarmed by U.S. troops for allegedly straying into U.S. territory. H. Bailey Carroll, "Steward A. Miller and the Snively Expedition of 1843," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 54: 261-286.
4. In the aftermath of the Mier Expedition, Thomas Rusk and James Mayfield attempted to organize a punitive raid against Mexico and were reported to have enlisted several hundred volunteers. Understandably reluctant to authorize another ill-fated expedition across the Rio Grande, the Houston administration refused to sanction the scheme, and the campaign never materialized. Telegraph and Texas Register, February 1, 1843.
5. Commodore Edwin Ward Moore, like Thomas Jefferson Green, was a well-known Houston antagonist. In 1842, as part of his policy of retrenchment, Houston ordered Moore and his three ships to return to port in Galveston and vetoed funds for a blockade of Mexican harbors. The commodore set sail instead for the Yucatan, having already contracted his vessels out to federalist rebels in their struggle against the centralist government. In Texas, Moore's exploits against the Mexican navy earned him both popular acclaim and a court martial. Although he was denounced by Houston for piracy, the most serious charges against him were dismissed. Webb, Handbook of Texas 2:228-229.
6. No copy of this letter is to be found among Green's papers. However, Green's correspondence does include a letter addressed to Santa Anna in March, written in an altogether different tone than the one he describes here. In this letter, he attempted to explain his role in the decision to prevent Santa Anna from returning to Mexico after signing the Treaty of Velasco in 1836 (see Introduction). It had not been his intention, Green wrote, to deliver the Mexican president into the hands of an angry mob, but rather to save him from it. Moreover, Green claimed that he had provided Santa Anna with warm clothing and had helped to pay his expenses for his subsequent journey to the United States. Green to Santa Anna, March 28, 1843, Green Papers.
7. William S. Fisher declined to take part in the escape, reasoning that as commander of the expedition, he had an obligation to remain until all the men under his command had been released. Accordingly, he was liberated from Perote on September 16, 1844, with the last of the Mier prisoners. McCutchan, Mier Expedition Diary, 103.
8. A popular card game played with a forty-card deck. The name monte refers to a mound, or heap of cards.
9. Lacking more common means of exchange, Mexican municipalities routinely issued tlacos as currency The soap circulated as legal tender even after washing; it was accepted as long as the stamp remained visible. Santa Fé Expedition chronicler George Kendall wrote of fellow prisoner Thomas Falconer's surprise when he received as change from a Mexican vendor in Querétaro sixty-four pieces of soap tied up in a handkerchief. Kendall, Narrative of the Texan Santa Fé Expedition... 2:186-187.
10. John Twohig was born in Ireland in 1806. When he was twenty-four, he established a trading store in San Antonio, which he destroyed in 1842 when the town was seized by General Woll. He returned to San Antonio after making his escape from Perote and became a successful banker. Webb, Handbook of Texas 2:813.
11. Green is referring to one of the more celebrated duels of the Republic period. In 1837 Chauncey Goodrich, a hot-tempered surgeon in the Texas army, accused Levi Laurens of stealing a $1,000 bill when the two men were sharing a Houston City hotel room. In the duel that followed, Goodrich shot Laurens in both thighs, mortally wounding him. Strong circumstantial evidence later pointed to another occupant of the room as the culprit. Goodrich quickly left the scene, and in San Antonio six weeks later he was stabbed to death in his bed by Isaac Allen over a gambling debt. Allen plunged the knife into Goodrich with such force that he pinned him to