the revolution in Texas in 1836. Alberto M. Carreño, Jefes del ejército mexicano en 1847, 114-115.
2. Archibald Fitzgerald, George Van Ness, and Thomas Hancock had only recently been released from prisons in Mexico for taking part in the Santa Fé Expedition. Van Ness had been released in February 1842 through the influence of Minister of War Tornel. Fitzgerald and Hancock were released with the main body of prisoners in June; according to the terms of their parole, they would be shot if captured bearing arms against Mexico again. Winkler, ed., "The Bexar and Dawson Prisoners," 300-301.
3. A signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence, Colonel Mathew Caldwell was a member of the Santa Fé Expedition. Known as "Old Paint," for the gray streaks in his red hair, he would die at his home in Gonzales a few months after the Woll invasion. Louis Wiltz Kemp, The Signers of the Texas Declaration of Independence, 42-45; Kendall, Narrative of the Santa Fé Expedition 1:105n.
4. Green fails to take note of the fact that Captain Nicholas Dawson was offered terms of surrender before Woll's troops opened fire, but rejected them. When it became clear that the situation was hopeless, Dawson emerged from the thicket with a blanket on his rifle in an attempt to call a cease-fire, but in the confusion some of his men took no notice and continued firing. Haynes, Soldiers of Misfortune, 21-22.
5. Seguín, who was not present when Smithers and the other two men were shot, stated in his report to his commanding officer that the Texans were killed after ignoring an order to surrender. Seguín, Personal Memoirs, 28.
6. Recriminations generally followed any time Texans engaged in battle, and the failure to attack Woll at Rio Hondo was no exception. Although Mathew Caldwell was widely blamed for breaking off the pursuit, one volunteer attributed the Texan inability to take the offensive to James Mayfield, who argued against an attack, believing that Woll had recently received reinforcements. Morrell, Flowers and Fruits from the Wilderness, 178-179.
7. Like Juan Sequín (see note 5, Chapter I), Antonio Pérez was a man of divided loyalties. The former resident of San Antonio had served under Samuel Jordan in northern Mexico in the Federalist War, but by 1842 he was a scout in the Mexican army. While providing Woll's forces with information of Texas military activities on the frontier, he had warned Anglo residents of the impending attack on San Antonio. Hobart Huson, "Iron Men," 155-156; E.W. Winkler, "The Bexar and Dawson Prisoners," Texas State Historical Association Quarterly 13: 294.
8. Following the Vásquez raid, Juan Seguín had fled to Mexico (see note 5, Chapter I), where he was arrested for treason for his role in the Texas Revolution. Offered the choice of going to prison or serving in the army, Seguín reluctantly returned to San Antonio that fall as an officer under the command of General Woll, and participated in the attack on Mathew Caldwell's men at Salado Creek. He moved back to Texas after the Mexican War. Seguín, Personal Memoirs, 26-29.
9. Despite his son's decision to switch allegiances, Don Erasmo Seguín was generally regarded as loyal to the Anglo-Texan cause.
Chapter Five ~ Notes
1. The Houston administration was in the process of moving from Houston City to Washington-on-the-Brazos, the site of the next Congress, when it received the news of the Woll invasion. Houston promptly drafted a presidential order calling up all militia troops. "Orders to the Country by M.C. Hamilton, Acting Secretary of War and Marine," September 16, 1842, Williams and Barker, eds., Houston Writings 7:6-7.