the best portions of their native continent, within reach, and in the immediate direction of that great tide of emigration which is fast sweeping them from the ungenial and unprofitable North. By the immediate contiguity of this country to the United States, it will cost no greater outlay of means to transport them than the natural course of events will create and provide for.13
If the object of the abolitionist is benevolence to the black race - if he wishes to avert this possible  calamity and ruin - he should urge upon his government the acquisition of that which will most certainly effect it. Without professing to see farther in futurity than the lights which past experience will justify, it does appear to my mind that in seventy years, when the coloured population of the United States shall have increased to twenty, and the white, in their proportionate ratio, to one hundred and thirty millions, many, very many reasons teach that so many people, so differently marked by nature, cannot live in harmony within the present limits of that country. That in view of the case, whether their relative political condition shall remain as at present, or undergo the worst radical changes, the same good reasons urge this measure. How solicitous, then, should the busy politician of that country now feel, when, in acting, or in failing to act upon this subject, he knows that the weal or wo of his children, and his children's children, is so directly concerned. He should approach the subject with the anxiety of a father who wishes to leave to his offspring the inheritance of no litigious interest, and feels that in its present settlement he wills to that posterity a long and glorious welfare.
If the declaration of the English government is uninfluenced by national aggrandizement, but alone by the philanthropic desire of promoting the welfare and happiness of this race, she must rejoice in an event so calculated to promote this end as the settlement of this country with the blacks of the  United States. It is a law well settled, both in the physiology of animals and plants, that the farther you remove either from their natural climate, so in proportion to that distance are they subject to an increase of disease. The United States census of 1840 has given a melancholy instance of this fact in the returns from the two extremes of that Republic: in the State of Maine, being the most northern, one is either deaf, dumb, blind, or an idiot, out of every twelve, while in Florida, the most southern, one out of each eleven hundred and five are thus afflicted, the difference in favour of southern climate being ninety-two to one.14 Allowing that much of this disease in Maine is the result of freeing a people incapable of properly providing for themselves, still these facts must be so convincing to the philanthropist as to cause him to use all proper means to restore the coloured race to as near their native climate as practicable.