urging moderation and seeking
reconciliation. He earned the trust of Stephen F. Austin and thus perhaps the
enmity of Smith and the "war party," but he was loyal to Texas and
served its cause in several ways. He was exonerated on the spy charge and
disappeared from the annals of Texas history after 1836. Eugene C. Barker,
"James H. C. Miller and Edward Gritten," pp. 149-53.|
24. [p.145] Santa Anna rode into San Felipe de Austin on April 7, 1836. Houston's army may have numbered 1,400 at one time but shrank through desertions. Others were siphoned off by independent commanders Moseley Baker and Wiley Martin. Houston reported the number 1,500 to the government to help reduce fear and desertion. Tolbert, Day of San Jacinto, p. 66; James W. Pohl, The Battle of San Jacinto, pp. 12-14.
25. [p.145] Fannin's disorganized command, having exhausted much of its supply of horses and being trapped and defeated in separate engagements at San Patricio, Agua Dulce Creek, and Refugio, belatedly left the Goliad fortress and was caught in the open by Urrea just short of Coleto Creek on March 19. The engagement began at 2:00 p.m. and lasted until dark. Mexican reinforcements (including artillery) arrived in the night, and the Texans (suffering from shortages of water and food) surrendered on March 20. The massacre of Fannin's force occurred one week later. Pruett and Cole, Goliad Massacre, pp. 75-97.
26. [p.146] For the remainder of his 1836 visit to Texas, Gray chronicled the vicissitudes of the Texas people fleeing from Santa Anna's army, an experience known as the Runaway Scrape. The panic was fueled by rumors of anticipated cruelty, which the events of Goliad seemed to confirm. Initially, the people of Texas fled only a few days ahead of the retreating army, but panic set in as far east as Nacogdoches as Texans ran the "Sabine Shute" to find safety on U. S. soil. The Runaway Scrape left much of Texas depopulated through the summer of 1836. Lack, Texas Revolutionary Experience, pp. 222-30.
27. [p.146] William Scott, Texas resident since 1823 and father-in-law of Austin's partner, Samuel May Williams, owned two leagues and a labor of land at the mouth of Goose Creek on the east side of the San Jacinto estuary. Henson, "Notes on the Gray Diary," p. 6.
28. [p.146] The "gentlemen" who were "interested" in the city, as Morgan describes them, were actually the owners through their company called the New Washington Association. Included in Morgan's household was Emily D. West, a free black woman he had brought as a housekeeper from New York in December of 1835. She became the legendary "Yellow Rose of Texas." Morgan had been a merchant in this area since 1831. Henson, "Notes on the Gray Diary," p. 6.
29. [p.146] This vessel was captained by George M. Patrick. Henson, "Notes on the Gray Diary," p. 6.
30. [p.146] This vessel was a schooner-of-war, originally commissioned as U. S.