Margaret Swett Henson,
"Politics and the Treatment of the Mexican Prisoners
after the Battle of San Jacinto," p. 196.|
8. [p.139] In August of 1835 Zavala purchased (from Phillip Singleton) 177 acres on Buffalo Bayou. This property, from the David Carpenter and William Harris grant of 1824, was east of Carpenter's Bayou and bordered the San Jacinto River on the east. Zavala's five-league grant, acquired through Coahuila politician Victor Blanco, was on the upper San Jacinto River near present-day Humble. Zavala's wife Emily and their three children arrived in December of 1835 from New York, possibly by way of New Orleans. Lorenzo Jr. and his valet came by an overland route through Nacogdoches. Henson, "Notes on the Gray Diary," pp. 2, 4.
9. [p.139] Lorenzo de Zavala, Jr., was twenty-two years old, the third child of Josefa Teresa Correo Zavala (1794-1831). Educated in Boston, he accompanied his father to Paris in 1833 as legation secretary. He served as Sam Houston's aide-de-camp from April 1 to May 5, 1836. Zavala returned to the Yucatan in 1841 and died there in 1893. Henson, "Notes on the Gray Diary," p. 5; Republic Pay Account, November 21, 1838, Lorenzo de Zavala, Jr. folder, AMC.
10. [p.140] Burnet built the mill described by Gray in 1831; the town of Lynchburg, as Gray anticipated, never prospered and maintained a population of between 100 and 200 for the next century. Webb, Handbook, vol. 2, p. 97.
11. [p.140] Several men with the surname Earl (in varied spellings) have records of service in the Texas army, but they were all from a different region, or volunteered in the United States, or enrolled at later dates. No one by this name had a military record of prior service. It is possible that this family was giving bogus information in order to deflect pressure to enroll at this time of crisis for Texas.
12. [p.141] The slave trade referred to by Gray had grown in Texas since the spring of 1833, with at least four documented cases occurring in the next eighteen months. These Africans were imported by way of Cuba into Galveston Bay. Monroe and Ashmore Edwards, nephews of Haden Edwards of Nacogdoches, resided on the grant owned by Ritson Morris, Monroe's brother-in-law. This international slave traffic to Texas increased in 1835-36, with a minimum of eight vessels importing at least six hundred African slaves. In addition to William S. Fisher's report referred to by Gray, other notable politicians who condemned this trade were John S. Wharton and Burnet. Besides Edwards, those known to have participated in it included Benjamin Fort Smith, James W. Fannin, and Sterling McNeel. Paul D. Lack, "Slavery and the Texas Revolution," pp. 186, 200; Henson, "Notes on the Gray Diary," p. 5.
13. [p.141] A distant relative of the empresario, William Tennant Austin (twenty-seven years old at this time) was a Brazoria merchant who had been active in the war defending the lower Brazos, importing supplies for the army, and serving