Pinchback came to Texas with his brother (John H.)
in 1836. James fought at San Jacinto and received a bounty and donation grant.
Both brothers later lived in Colorado County; James died in 1845. Vertical
Files, Revised Handbook.|
32. [p.98] Joel Leakey had received a league of land in 1827 along what became the border of Washington and Austin counties and added to his land holdings there in 1831. Virginia Taylor, The Spanish Archives of the General Land Office of Texas, p. 205.
33. [p.99] Gustavus E. Edwards was one of Austin's "Old Three Hundred" colonists. He emigrated in 1822 and received land in present Wharton County in 1824 but operated a ferry on the Brazos at the site of the town of Washington in 1825. One of his daughters married R. M. Williamson. Edwards moved from Austin County to his land in Wharton County in 1837. Webb, Handbook, vol. 1, p. 546.
34. [p.99] On February 13, 1836, the Council published a broadside "TO THE PEOPLE OF TEXAS" announcing, "War with its most terrific attendants and consequences is rolling its horrors upon us!" It warned that Santa Anna's "great force" intended "death, violation and extermination." Broadside 192, Broadside Collection, TSA.
35. [p.100] James Cummins in 1824 received this five-league grant in Austin County to erect a grist and saw mill as well as a league of land in Brazoria County. He also held eight leagues in Colorado County. Taylor, Spanish Archives, p. 175. Noting that his total of fourteen leagues exceeded the legal limit of eleven, Margaret Henson suggests that Cummins might have received special compensation if his early military career included service in the Mexican wars for independence. Henson, "Notes on the Gray Diary," p. 2.
36. [p.101] Gray's assessment of Henry Smith was very astute. He was quarrelsome, highly prejudiced against Mexicans including Tejanos, provocative in his behavior, and subject to severe mental depression. His conflict with the Council left him increasingly isolated, and in mid-January Smith was impeached and replaced by Lt. Governor J. W. Robinson. Smith's refusal to give up his office then plunged Texas into hopeless anarchy. Lack, Texas Revolutionary Experience, pp. 59-63.
37. [p.101] Don Carlos Barrett was born in Vermont on June 22, 1788, and became a lawyer in Pennsylvania. He emigrated to the Mina municipality of Texas in March, 1835, and formed a partnership with Elisha M. Pease, who went on to be a two-time governor of Texas. Immediately securing leadership positions, Barrett advocated caution and compromise and headed the Austin faction at the Consultation in November. As a member of the Council, he was at the center of the quarrel with Governor Smith but fell into disfavor as the course of the Revolution moved toward independence, and he was even accused of disloyalty.