Argo lying here, taking in freight. She went on at 10 o'clock. The Fame, from Pittsburg, stopt a few minutes, and went on. A number of canal boats from Cleveland on Lake Erie with goods from New York, lying here. Emigrants from all parts of the civilized world to be seen. Here is a number of Germans from Saxony coming on our boat as deck passengers. They have a great deal of baggage, and the leader is said to be rich -- going to Indiana.
We passed a great number of emigrating parties in Virginia, most of them bound for Missouri. Where they had slaves, they were uniformly for Missouri; those that were without, were for Indiana, or some other State north of the Ohio. This remark is applicable to all that we passed west of Staunton. Those bound for the Southwest took a south course in the valley of the Shenandoah. It is a melancholy sight to see so many wealthy, intelligent and useful citizens leaving old Virginia, and many poor families, women and children, going to unknown parts, to encounter untried difficulties and hardships.
A merchant at Portsmouth told me the expense on goods from New York, by the Lakes and canal, was $2 per cwt.; time, generally ----- days. He thinks a railroad from Fredericksburg to Guyandotte or Sandy would be preferred -- that there would be employment for as many cars as could be put on the road. Goods could be got from New York to Portsmouth in 8 or 9 days.
Had a pleasant passage down the Ohio; passed several little settlements that figure on the maps as towns, without any of the characteristics: Vanceburg, Ky., Manchester, Rockville, etc., in Ohio. From the hills about Rockville all the fine free-stone is taken, which makes and ornaments so many of the buildings in Cincinnati.
Wednesday, Octo. 14, 1835
Arrived at Cincinnati in the night. Awakened in the morning (Octo. 14) by the reveille of the little garrison at the U. S. Armory in New Port, a little town of about ----- inhabitants, in Kentucky, opposite to Cincinnati. On looking out, found ourselves surrounded by steamboats; the City of Cincinnati above us on the north, and the towns of New Port and Covington on the opposite side of the river, on the south. The morning was foggy, and none but the nearest objects could be distinctly seen.
Steamboat from Guyandotte to Cincinnati, $5; boots and porter, 37 1/2 c.
Found Farish at the Broadway Hotel, where Hudgins and self also took a room. H. had to cross the river to New Port, and take Miss Hardin to her friends, some distance in the country. Peyton stopt at the Cincinnati Hotel. I missed him and Farish and crossed the ferry to New Port by myself. Was attracted to a large manufacturing establishment, which I found to be owned by the Kentucky Manufacturing Co., of which Gov. James Taylor is President. His son-in-law,