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The Book of Revelation, also called The Apocalypse of John, is the last book of the New Testament. There are three main schools of thought about how the symbolism, imagery, and contents of the Book of Revelation should be interpreted. Those three approaches are the millennialist, mythic, and historical.

  1. The millennialist holds that the contents of Revelation, especially when interpreted in conjunction with the Book of Daniel and other eschatological sections of the Bible, constitute a prophecy of the end times. This school can be further subdivided into:
    • the futurist view, which applies all the events in the book into the end times.
    • the historicist view, which regards the book as spanning history from the first century through the second coming.
  2. The mythic approach views the symbolism of Revelation as timeless images that apply to any generation.
  3. The historical approach hold that the key to Revelation's meaning lies with its first century setting and the goals of its first century writer.

Revelation is an example of apocalyptic literature, which was popular within both Christian and Jewish literature.