g r a d u a t e s
t u d e n t
d e g r e e s,
p u b l i c a t i o n s, p a p e r s, a n d
a w a r d s
Babcock delivered a paper on “Peace by
Deceit: Rethinking Apache Motivations for Settling on Spanish-run
Reservations, 1786-1791” at the 2004 Western History Association
Conference held in Las Vegas, Nevada. He gave a second paper at the
2005 Texas State Historical Association Conference in Fort Worth,
Texas, entitled “Turning Apaches into Spaniards: The Forgotten
Indian Reservations of the West Texas Frontier.”
Lee Berlet presented his thesis in July
on "Free, Yet Inferior: The Paradox of Race Among Boston's
'Representative Men'" and was awarded an M.A. in history.
Jimmy Bryan has accepted a one-year
appointment as a visiting lecturer at the University of Nevada, Reno,
teaching courses on the gendered and
racial frontiers of North America; colonial America; the American
Revolution; and the first half of the U.S. survey.
successfully defended her thesis, "Modernizing Motherhood: How Adoption
Homes and Birth Control Centers Redefined Motherhood in North Texas, "
and will officially receive an M.A. in December. In the meantime she
plans to teach American history at North Harris College in Houston and
apply to Ph.D. programs.
has a two-year position as a
Visiting Scholar in History at Brookhaven College in Dallas, where he
will be teaching U.S. survey courses.
Bonnie Martin was
$20,000 dissertation research fellowship by the Association of American
University Women. In addition, Martin is joining SMU's
board for the Center for Teaching Excellence.
has been awarded the 2005 Ledesma Prize by the Coalition for Western
Women's History. The prize committee told her that it "was extremely impressed with the
originality of your study on the involvement of women and children in
western extra-legal violence, with its scope, and with its potential to
stimulate new dialogue and additional research in an important and under
studied field." Helen will receive the prize at the Western History
Association meeting in October in Scottsdale, Arizona.
who was among the first group of students in 1998 to enroll
History Ph.D. Program, completed her dissertation
in December on "Women's Lives Through Women's Wills in the Spanish
and Mexican Borderlands, 1750-1847." She
returned in May to participate in the History graduation ceremony
and in the fall will begin a
tenure track job at Georgia Southwestern State,
which, she says, happily,
is an hour from her home in Columbus.
Meschke, receiving her diploma at the History graduation ceremony
on May 14;
Professor Sherry Smith, one of her dissertation advisers, speaking at
and seated, members of the History faculty.
Kristopher Paschall co-authored
an article with Gregg Cantrell of TCU that appears in the July issue of
the Southwest Historical Quarterly entitled “Texas Populism at
High Tide: Jerome C. Kearby and the Case of the 6th Congressional
published a review of Ian F. Haney López’s book on
Racism on Trial: The Chicano Fight for Justice (Cambridge, Mass.:
Harvard University Press, 2003), in Journal of American Ethnic
History (Winter 2004), vol. 23, no. 2. He also contributed an entry
on “Aztlán” to The Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the
United States, edited by Suzanne
Oboler and Deena J. González (New York:
Oxford University Press, 2005).
was awarded a
predoctoral fellowship in Race/Ethnic Relations at Texas Tech
University. This award will allow him additional time to complete his
dissertation and gain more teaching experience. He will teach Native
American history and the U.S. survey. The fellowship is for 2005-06 and
renewable for an additional year.
received an award from the Dallas County Community College District as
"Innovator of the Year" for 2004-05, and he has been named the executive
director of the commission that will oversee the national bicentennial
commemoration of Zebulon Pike's epic western expeditions.
defended his M.A. thesis, "Colonia, Commerce, and Consuls: The
Dallas Mexican Chamber of Commerce, the Early Years, 1939-1948" (with
distinction according to his thesis committee) and will receive his
degree in December.
d o c t o r a l s t u d e n t s
w r i t e
d i s s e r t a t i o n s o n t h e
s o u t h w e s t
Since its inception in 1998, SMU’s Ph.D.
Program in History has accepted a small number of students each year and
currently has twenty-two students studying for their doctorates in American history
with a special focus on the Southwest. Following
are synopses of the work of twelve of the program’s students who are in their
fourth year or beyond and working at various stages on their dissertations.
"Turning Apaches into Spaniards: North America's Forgotten Indian Reservations"
Babcock's dissertation addresses the unrecognized historical experience of
thousands of Apaches who settled on reservations near Spanish presidios a
century before Geronimo's surrender in 1886. It explains how and why Spaniards
transformed presidios from bases for offensive and defensive war into zones of
peace called "establecimientos de paz" or "peace establishments." It also
examines Apache motives for making peace, the reasons some groups remained
independent, and the extent of their acculturation. Finally, it explores the
reasons for the system's decline and collapse under Mexican control from
1821-1831 and the short and long-term effects of this experience on Apache
“Women’s Experiences in Texas Institutions of Higher Learning, 1880-1920”
A study of the experiences of women in Texas institutions of higher learning
from 1880 to 1920, this study explores, compares, and contrasts the changing
social and educational environments in which women of differing races and economic
classes found themselves, and the resulting negotiation of these changed spaces.
Bradford’s dissertation will assess the impact of the schools and the
women on each other as well as on their surrounding communities.
Jimmy Bryan Jr.
"The American Elsewhere: Adventurism and Manliness in the Age of Expansion,
Bryan explores the phenomenon of adventurism in the early 19th century United
States, showing how it revealed ideas of masculinity and influenced the territorial
expansion of the nation.
Opportunity and Failure: ‘Going Broke’ in the Texas Borderlands, 1898-1941”
studying bankruptcy cases filed under the Bankruptcy Act of 1898, Dewey will
examine how different people coped with difficult economic circumstances in
selected counties along or near the Texas/Mexico border. She is interested
in studying what drew these people to the borderlands, strategies they
employed to make a living and/or achieve the “American Dream,” and why they
experienced financial failure. She will also explore cultural attitudes
toward debt and bankruptcy and the growing role of the federal court in
mediating debtor/creditor relationships.
Edward James Dudlo
“Martial Borderland: The U.S. Army and the Incorporation of New Mexico,
Dudlo’s work explores the dynamic political, economic, and social relationships
that are created and cultivated as borderlands are incorporated into modern
nation states. As instruments of state incorporation, he is particularly
interested in the varied roles of national military forces in these processes.
“Last Soldiers, First
Pioneers: The Los Adaes Border Community on the Louisiana-Texas
One hundred years prior to the arrival of Stephen F. Austin’s colony in
Texas, the last soldiers of the Spanish empire from Mexico established a military
fort at Los Adaes on the Louisiana-Texas frontier. For the next half century,
Los Adaes served as the capital of Texas under Spain until it was abandoned
in 1773, a casualty of base realignment in the wake of the French and Indian
War and the transfer of Louisiana to Spain. Undaunted by Spanish imperial designs
and hostility from raiding Comanche warriors, the soldiers/settlers at Los Adaes
returned to East Texas and founded the present town of Nacogdoches in 1779.
“‘To Have and To
Hold’…Human Collateral: Mortgaging Slaves to Build Virginia and South Carolina”
Martin, who holds a degree in law, explores the economic impact of human collateral.
The phrase “to have and to hold” evokes images of the most solemn commitments to
cherish and defend. These words, however, are derived from the law of
contracts, themselves solemn and binding commitments with the force of the
state behind them. In 18th and 19th-century Anglo-America, slave owners gave
creditors the right “to have and to hold” human collateral in return for cash
and credit--cash and credit that accelerated the development of what would
become the United States.
“'I Suppose You Think Strange the Murder of Women and Children':
Whitecapping and Lynching in the American West, 1870-1930”
McLure will document and analyze particularly lethal and non-lethal vigilante
and mob attacks on women and children of all races and ethnicities in the
West and Southwest during the
19th and 20th centuries.
"Utah's Canyon Country: Hope and Experience Encounter an American Desert"
Nelson is working on a human-environmental history of Southern Utah's
Canyonlands, tracing exploration, settlements, booms, and busts in this
desert region. In particular, he is focusing on religious ideology and
optimism as they shaped peoples' understanding of the area.
“Tejanos in World War I: Here and Over There”
Ramírez will show how Mexican Texans and the U.S. government cooperated
with each other during the war despite a deep-seated mutual distrust. His research
has taken him to the Library of Congress, the archives of the Federal Bureau
of Investigation, and the Military Intelligence Division.
“Trans-Nations: Indians, Imagined Communities, and Borderlands Realities
in the Twentieth Century”
Schulze explores indigenous groups that have communities on both sides of
the U.S.-Mexican border, focusing on the ways in which their transnational orientation
has proven to be both beneficial and problematic in their struggles to maintain
group cohesion and cultural continuity.
“Ciboleros and Sharps Rifles: Hispanics, Anglos, and the Great Buffalo
This examination of the activities of ciboleros (buffalo hunters) from the
Southern Plains of New Mexico, Mexico, and Texas from 1775 to 1878, focuses
on Rath City, Texas, during the period of 1875-1878. Siegle compares and contrasts
the ciboleros and the Rath City groups during the period when they coexisted
in the final, climactic throes of “the great buffalo slaughter.”