List of Initial Articles

In some MARC fields, a numeric value (0-9) specifies the number of character positions associated with an initial definite or indefinite article to be disregarded in sorting and filing processes. Initial articles may also simply be deleted in the formulation of the heading.

Refer to the Variable Field documentation for instructions about how to handle initial articles in individual fields. Refer to the OCLC Bibliographic Formats and Standards manual, field 245, section on the 2nd indicator, for instructions on how to set non-filing indicators that can be applied more globally.

List of articles by article name

An asterisk (*) before an indefinite article indicates that the same form in also used for cardinal numeral "one". Therefore, care must be taken to distinguish meaning.

Article

Language

a

English, Hebrew, Hungarian, Portuguese, Yiddish

a'

Gaelic, Scottish

al-

Arabic

am

Gaelic, Scottish

an

English, Gaelic, Scottish, Yiddish

an t-

Gaelic, Scottish

as

Portuguese

az

Hungarian

*bat

Basque

* bir

Turkish

das

German, Yiddish

de

Danish, Dutch, Norwegian, Swedish

dei

Norwegian

den

Danish, Norwegian, Swedish

der

German, Yiddish

det

Danish, Norwegian, Swedish

di

Danish, Yiddish

die

Afrikaans, German, Yiddish

dos

Yiddish

* een, eene

Dutch

* egy

Hungarian

* ei

Norwegian

* ein

German, Norwegian, Yiddish

* eine

German, Yiddish

* eit

Norwegian

el

Spanish

el-

Arabic

* en

Danish, Norwegian, Swedish

* et

Danish, Norwegian

* ett

Swedish

* eyn, eyne

Yiddish

gl', gli

Italian

ha-

Hebrew

hai

Classical Greek, Modern Greek

he

Hawaiian

he (add diacritic)

Classical Greek, Modern Greek

he-

Hebrew

* heis

Modern Greek

* hen, hena

Modern Greek

* henas

Modern Greek

het

Dutch

hinar, hinir

Icelandic

hi, hin, hinn

Icelandic

ho

Classical Greek, Modern Greek

ho-

Hebrew

hoi

Classical Greek, Modern Greek

i

Italian

il

Italian, Old Provencal

ka

Hawaiian

ke

Hawaiian

l'

French, Italian, Old Provencal, Modern Provencal

la

Esperanto, French, Italian, Old Provencal, Modern Provencal, Spanish

las

Old Provencal, Spanish

le

French, Italian, Old Provencal

les

French, Old Provencal

lh'

Old Provencal

lhi

Old Provencal

li

Old Provencal, Modern Provencal

lis

Modern Provencal

lo

Italian, Old Provencal, Modern Provencal

los

Old Provencal, Spanish

lou

Modern Provencal

lu

Modern Provencal

* mia

Modern Greek

'n

Afrikaans, Dutch

na

Hawaiian, Gaelic, Scottish

na h-

Gaelic, Scottish

* nje (add diacritic), nji

Albanian

ny

Manx

* o

Hawaiian, Portuguese, Rumanian

os

Portuguese

't

Dutch

ta

Classical Greek, Modern Greek

the

English

to

Classical Greek, Modern Greek

to (add diacritic)

Classical Greek

* um, uma

Portuguese

umas

Portuguese

* un

French, Italian, Modern Provencal, Rumanian, Spanish

* un'

Italian

* una

Italian, Old Provencal, Modern Provencal, Rumanian, Spanish

unas

Spanish

* une

French

* uno

Italian, Modern Provencal

unos

Spanish

* uns

Old Provencal, Portuguese

* us

Old Provencal

y, yn

Manx

y, yr

Welsh

 

Based on the Anglo-American Cataloging Rules 2nd ed. 2002 revision Appendix E and Initial Definite and Indefinite Articles from MARC 21 Format for Authority and

Bibliographic Data.

 

 

aml 3/24/2003

 

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Last updated 03/28/2003