Professor Caroline Brettell, Department Chair
Professors: David Freidel, Robert Kemper, Anthony Marks, David Meltzer, Garth Sampson, Carolyn Sargent, Ben Wallace, Ronald Wetherington; Associate Professors: Michael Adler, Victoria Lockwood, William Pulte, David Wilson; Assistant Professor: Carolyn Smith-Morris; Adjunct Lecturers: Ken Kaemmerer, Cathy Lebo, John Phinney; Assistant Research Professors: Reid Ferring, Mary Free; Emeritus Professors: Barbara Anderson, Lewis Binford, Harold Hietala, Ladislav Novak, Fred Wendorf.
Anthropology is divided into four subfields: I) archaeology, II) cultural/social anthropology, III) anthropological linguistics, and IV) physical anthropology. In addition to providing the basis for careers in the subdisciplines, anthropology provides a background for professional careers in teaching, research, international affairs, medicine, business, or law. A grade of C or better must be earned in all courses taken in fulfillment of the requirements for the Anthropology major. Students majoring in Anthropology must achieve a minimum 2.00 G.P.A. in Anthropology and are urged to consult their departmental adviser periodically to review their progress.
Requirements for the B.A. Degree. Intended for students who desire general training in anthropology within a liberal arts curriculum. Thirty term hours of anthropology are required, of which 21 must be advanced. Of the 30 hours, ANTH 2301 is required. However, all candidates for the B.A. major must take at least three term hours in each subfield of anthropology (i.e., archaeology, cultural/social anthropology, anthropological linguistics, and physical anthropology).
Requirements for the B.S. Degree. Intended for students who wish more specialized training in anthropology, it provides a strong foundation for students intending to pursue a graduate degree. Thirty-six term hours of anthropology are required, of which 24 must be advanced. Of the 36 hours, the following courses are required: ANTH 2301; 2315; 2363; and either 4366 or 5334; six term hours of eldwork-related study (generally 5381 or 5382 and 4333 or 5681); one of the following: 3361 or 5359; and either 4399 or three term hours of independent study (4191, 4192, 4291, 4292, 4391, or 4392). In addition, three term hours of statistics (ANTH 3322 or equivalent, generally STAT 2331), and six term hours of foreign language are required.
Requirements for the Minor. A 15-hour minor may be taken in one of three tracks: Archaeology, Cultural Anthropology, and General Anthropology; an 18-hour track may be taken in Biomedical Anthropology. ANTH 2301 is common to all four minors with the remaining courses selected from a list furnished by the department. A grade of C- or better must be earned in all advanced courses taken in fulfillment of the requirements for an anthropology minor.
Distribution. Many ANTH courses are acceptable for Perspectives 6. Many anthropology courses also fulfill the cocurricular requirements.
The Departmental Distinction Program. This program is open to junior and senior anthropology majors with outstanding academic records. Graduation with departmental distinction is designated on the diploma of those who successfully complete the program. To earn departmental distinction, a student must: (a) complete the usual course work for a B.A. or B.S. degree with at least a 3.50 G.P.A. in anthropology and with at least a 3.00 G.P.A., overall; (b) with a grade of B or higher, pass ANTH 4366 and ANTH 5334 or complete a substantial independent reading program (for three term-hours credit that replaces one of these) on the history, conceptual foundations, or methodological problems of the discipline; (c) with a grade of A or A, conduct a research project (for three term hours credit in ANTH 4391, 4392, or 4399); and complete a signicant research paper that is a minimum of 20 pages of text, includes a bibliography, and is written in appropriate subdisciplinary professional style and format; and (d) pass an oral examination of one hour in length (with at least three departmental faculty members), covering the results of the research project and general issues and concepts in anthropology according to the subfield specialty.
NOTE: All 2000- and 3000-level anthropology courses are open to first-year students.
2301. Introductory Cultural Anthropology. Basic theories and methods of cultural anthropology. Explores variations in cultural values, social practices, religion, rules of law, etc., in different cultures around the world. Focuses on understanding the forces that shape cultures and societies, and how they adapt to a rapidly changing world. Meets Human Diversity corequirement.
2302. People of the Earth: Humanity's First Five Million Years. Human biological and cultural evolution from the appearance of ancestral humans in Africa, to agricultural origins and the rise of the world's great civilizations. Meets Human Diversity corequirement.
2315. Human Evolution: Biological and Social Beginnings of Humankind. Topics include mutation, natural selection, primate origins, the human fossil record. Ethical and moral issues of cloning, eugenics, and creationism are also treated. Fulfills General Education Curriculum requirements for Science/Technology.
2321 (ENGL 2321, CFA 3301). The Dawn of Wisdom: Ancient Creation Stories from Four Civilizations. Explores the visions of the cosmos expressed in the art, archaeology, and literature of Egypt, Mesopotamia, Greco-Roman civilization, and the Maya, emphasizing the role of human beings as central and responsible actors therein. Prerequisite: ENGL 1302 or departmental approval. Meets Human Diversity corequirement.
2331 (CF 3331). The Formation of Institutions: Roots of Society. The nature of social institutions and how they change and become more complex. A case-study approach that examines selected non-Western societies at different levels of complexity. Meets Human Diversity corequirement.
2345. Leadership and Race Relations. Racism, the constraints it puts on society and the relevance of racism to America's future. Meets Human Diversity corequirement.
2363. The Science of Our Past: An Introduction to Archaeology. Introduces students to how and why archaeologists study evidence of past human behavior. Required labs emphasize hands-on analyses of artifacts and other archaeological material. Fulfills General Education Curriculum requirements for Science/Technology.
3300 (CF 3300). Race, Gender, and Culture in the African Diaspora. A comparative analysis of the historical, economic, social, and cultural experiences of peoples of African descent in societies in the Western hemisphere.
3301 (SOCI 3301, CFB 3301). Health, Healing and Ethics: Cross-cultural perspectives on sickness and society. A cross-cultural exploration of cultures and organization of medical systems, economic development and the global exportation of biomedicine, and ethical dilemmas associated with medical technologies and global disparities in health. Meets Human Diversity corequirement.
3302. Monkeys and Apes: The Nonhuman Primates. This course offers an introduction to the study of nonhuman primates, from prosimians to the great apes. It explores questions of taxonomy, aspects of social behavior, and patterns of communication.
3303. Psychological Anthropology. Examines the interplay of culture and personality in various Western and non-Western societies. Perception, cognition, dreams, altered states of consciousness, and psychological terrorism are analyzed in cross-cultural perspective. Meets Human Diversity corequirement.
3304. North American Archaeology. North America's human past, from the earliest colonization by Ice Age peoples and their descendants who colonized the continent, to the clash of cultures that followed the arrival of Europeans in 1492. Meets Human Diversity corequirement.
3305. The "Other" in America: Popular Perceptions and Government Policy Through Time. An examination of attitudes during the past 200 years towards "others" in America, as reected in popular culture (lms and ction), as well as in national and local government policies.
3309 (ARHS 3309). The Etruscans in Iron Age Italy. An archaeological survey of the later prehistory of the Italian peninsula, from the end of the Bronze Age to the Roman Conquest.
3310 (CF 3301). Gender and Sex Roles: A Global Perspective. Cross-cultural and historical comparison of women's and men's life experiences in the areas of family, marriage and kinship, economic and political participation, sexuality, reproduction, ritual and religion. Meets Human Diversity corequirement.
3311. Mexico: From Conquest to Cancun. An introduction to the unity and diversity of Mexican society as it has developed through encounters with other cultures from 16th century conquistadores to 21st century tourists and emigrants. Meets Human Diversity corequirement.
3312. Meso-American Archaeology. Development of civilizations from village life to the great empires of Mexico. How civilizations begin, grow, change, and collapse. Meets Human Diversity corequirement.
3313. South American Indians of the Past and Present. A survey of the archaeology and ethnology of indigenous South Americans, from c. 13,000 years ago to recent times, focusing on environments, subsistence, and related levels of sociopolitical integration from Tierra del Fuego to the Amazon basin and the Andes. Meets Human Diversity corequirement.
3314. Peoples of Africa. A contemporary study of cultures and social structures of Sub- Saharan African peoples and an examination of the dynamics of contemporary African societies. Meets Human Diversity corequirement.
3315. Origins of Civilization. Considers those cultural and historic factors that led from the development of agriculture to the rst urban states in Egypt and Mesopotamia. Meets Human Diversity corequirement.
3316. Cultures of the Pacific Islands. Survey of Pacific Island social systems focusing on Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia. Explores nature of pre-contact societies and how colonial and missionary influences transformed island cultures. Examines how contemporary Pacific islanders are responding to forces of globalization. Meets Human Diversity corequirement.
3317. Peoples of Southeast Asia. A comparative study of insular and mainland cultures of Southeast Asia, their history and development, and their social and economic structures. Meets Human Diversity corequirement..
3318. Prehistory of the American Southwest. Explores the evidence of thousands of years of human cultural change that archaeologists have uncovered across the American Southwest. Ranges in time from the rst appearance of humans to the time of pueblo civilization. Meets Human Diversity corequirement.
3319. Human Ecology. Interactions between human populations and their environments. Relationships between population size, technology, climate, and behavior in various living societies. Meets Human Diversity corequirement.
3322. Statistical Reasoning in Anthropology. Particular aspects of statistical data processing and reasoning, including the construction of measurement scales, tabular and graphical descriptions, cross classications, percentages and probabilities, sampling, and the expression of relationships through the use of models. Lab sessions will investigate anthropological data sets through the use of the student version of SPSS for Windows.
3327. (CF 3319). Economic and Political Change in Global Society. Introduction to anthropological perspectives on global transformations: world economic integration; economic development and sociocultural change; new patterns of hunger, poverty, and disease; ethnic resurgence and nationalism; migration and transnationalism; the expansion of global religions and fundamentalist movements, and changes in gender and family patterns. Meets Human Diversity corequirement.
3333 (CFA 3316). The Immigrant Experience. Course explores historical, social, cultural, and political dimensions of the US immigrant experience, and America's attitudes towards immigrants. Controversial issues such as bilingual education and illegal immigration will be examined. Meets Human Diversity corequirement.
3334 (CF 3334). Fantastic Archaeology and Pseudoscience: Lost Tribes, Sunken Continents, Ancient Astronauts, and Other Strange Ideas About the Past. Did ancient astronauts visit the Earth? Are there secrets of the Maya calendar that archaeologists aren't revealing? Is Creation a scientic alternative to evolution of humanity? This course investigates these and other claims about our past, and how archaeologists respond to them.
3336. (CFA3336). Gender and Globalization. An analysis of the impact of globalizing forces on women's lives and identities, as well as on patterns of gender relations and ideology in various cultures around the world. Meets Human Diversity corequirement.
3344. Cultural Aspects of Business. This course explores the cultural aspects of business and entrepreneurship at home and abroad. It also addresses the relationship between anthropology and business, examining business in an holistic context. Meets Human Diversity corequirement.
3346. Culture and Diversity in American Life. An overview of contemporary U.S. culture, with an emphasis on how diversity (e.g., ethnicity, class, religion, and gender) is expressed in communities, in regions, and in the nation. Meets Human Diversity corequirement.
3348 (HIST 3348, CF 3378). Asians and the American Public Imagination. This course explores the issues of cultural identity in the 20th century through study of the Asian-American experience.
3353. Indians of North America. A survey of American Indian and Eskimo life, past and present, with emphasis on the interaction of Indians and Whites since 1492 and contemporary American Indian problems and enterprisesreservation and urban life, gambling, health care, and legal rights. Meets Human Diversity corequirement.
3354. Latin America: Peoples, Places, and Power. Examines the development of Latin America in the context of global transformations since the 16th century. Special attention is given to the interaction of local communities with regional, national, and international systems of power. Meets Human Diversity corequirement.
3355. Society and Culture in Contemporary Europe. Anthropological survey of social and cultural dimensions of contemporary European society. Explores unity and diversity within the region, the role of gender, religion, class, ethnicity, and nationalism in structuring the lives of Europeans.
3356. Before Civilization. A survey of the paleolithic archaeology of the rst three million years of human history in the Old World. Emphasis is upon adaptation and cultural change.
3358. Indians of the Southwest from the 16th Century to the Present. An introduction to the non-Pueblo and Pueblo peoples of the Greater Southwest, with a focus on Indian-Indian and Indian-Euroamerican relations and the resultant transformations. Topics will include clash of cultures, tourism, gambling, legal rights and urbanism. Meets Human Diversity corequirement.
3361. Language in Culture and Society. An investigation of social and cultural factors affecting the use of language. Topics include linguistic variation, Black English, women's language, and body language. Meets Human Diversity corequirement.
3366 (RELI 3366). Magic, Myth, and Religion Across Cultures. A cross-cultural and comparative exploration of religion, ritual, magic, and supernatural belief systems. Examines how religion permeates other aspects of society and culture. Meets Human Diversity corequirement.
3368 (SOCI 3368). Urban Life: A Cross-Cultural Perspective. An introduction to urban life and culture around the world, including how we study cities, who inhabits cities, and what are the special features of city places and spaces. Meets Human Diversity corequirement.
3371. Nutritional Problems of Modern Populations. Consumption, preferences, and dietary patterns. Nutritional requirements of developing and industrialized countries. Health problems related to malnutrition and plenty.
3374 (CF 3374). Cultures and Environments of the Southwest. Patterns of land use and resource use in prehistoric and early historic times in the Southwest. Focus is on the mutual inuence of cultures and resources in the northern Rio Grande.
3399 (CFA3399). Ice Age Americans. Ice age peopling of America, reconstructed by archaeology, linguistics, and molecular biology, among other disciplines, and what that reveals of how people adapted to a truly New World. Meets Human Diversity corequirement.
For Undergraduate and Graduate Students
Most 4000- and 5000-level courses in Anthropology require introductory coursework in the appropriate subdiscipline, or permission of instructor.
4191, 4291, 4391, 4192, 4292, 4392. Independent Study and Research. For advanced undergraduates. Prerequisite: Approval of the Director of Undergraduate Studies and a faculty sponsor.
4304. Migration and Ethnicity. Examines three interrelated topics: migration, ethnicity, and nationalism. Focuses on major theoretical positions and on specific ethnographic cases.
4305. Applied Anthropology. The application of anthropological theories and methods to problems in contemporary societies, including global business, community development, health care issues, agricultural/environmental programs, urban planning tourism projects, and education policy. Prerequisites: Advanced standing and ANTH 2301 (or permission of instructor for non-anthropology majors).
4306. Anthropology and Education. An overview of the interaction of culture, society, and institutions in contemporary schools in their local, regional, national, and international contexts. Special attention is giving to the case of bilingual education. Prerequisites: Advanced standing and ANTH 2301 (or permission of instructor for non-anthropology majors).
4307. Seminar in International Health. Provides an overview of issues in international health with a focus on contributions of anthropology and anthropologists to international public health issues. Prerequisites: Advanced standing and ANTH 2301 (or permission of instructor for non-anthropology majors).
4309. Current Issues in Anthropology. Seminar on selected anthropological topics.
4311. Applied Linguistics. Examination of linguistic theory and data in the context of diverse, especially multilingual, speech communities. Prerequisites: Advanced standing and ANTH 2301 (or permission of instructor for non-anthropology majors).
4333. Laboratory Methods in Archaeology. Classication and analysis of archaeological materials (various topics). Prerequisites: Advanced standing and ANTH 5381 or 5382 or permission of instructor.
4344. Global Population Processes: Anthropological Perspectives. Focuses on anthropological understanding of population processesnuptiality, fertility, mortality, migrationand examines them within historical and cross cultural frameworks.
4347. Seminar in Mesoamerican Ethnology. Examination of anthropological literature on contemporary Mesoamerica within an interdisciplinary framework.
4350, 4351, 4352. Special Topics in Anthropology. An in-depth look at particular problems and issues in contemporary anthropology. Topics will vary.
4366. Theoretical Perspectives in Anthropology. Development of modern anthropological paradigms, with intensive readings in science, ethnology, and ecological anthropology and a focus on the potential utility of theoretical coherence within the discipline. Prerequisite: Eighteen hours of Anthropology or permission of instructor.
4367. Comparative Peasant Society. Economic and social institutions of contemporary peasant societies are examined with special focus on the changes they are undergoing in the 20th century. Prerequisite: ANTH 2301 or permission of instructor.
4371. The Nature of the Aging Process. General considerations and theories of aging in various populations; factors affecting aging, mental and psychomotor abilities in aging, and aging of biological systems; nutrition and metabolism of aged populations; body composition changes and aging, physical activity effect on aging; diseases of aging; rehabilitation of the aged.
4377. The Human Fossil Record. An examination of morphology, classication, and evolutionary relationships in the human fossil record. Covers the Pliocene through the emergence of modern Homo sapiens. Comparisons using the departmental fossil collection. Prerequisite: ANTH 2315 or permission of instructor.
4381. Internship in Anthropology. This course offers students experience in varied organizations and agencies where anthropological applications are relevant. These might include a contract archaeology rm, the Natural History Museum, a zoo, health clinics, marketing or PR rms, or corporations involved in international business. Prerequisite: Approval of the Director of Undergraduate Studies and a faculty sponsor.
4384. Global Issues and Development: An Overview. Principles of cultural dynamics, innovation, diffusion, and social movements shown by non-literate and peasant societies as they meet Western civilization. Prerequisites: Advanced standing and ANTH 2301 (or permission of instructor for non-anthropology majors).
4390. Current Issues in Anthropology. Seminar on selected anthropological topics.
4399. Senior Seminar in Anthropology. An in-depth examination of current theoretical and methodological developments in the discipline. Recommended for candidates for departmental distinction in anthropology. Prerequisites: Senior standing or permission of instructor and ANTH 2301.
5334. History of Anthropology. Analytical history of anthropology from the classical period to the 20th century. More than just what happened when, this course explains the content and development of theory, method, and interpretation. Prerequisite: Eighteen hours of Anthropology or permission of instructor.
5336. Anthropology and Medicine. Cross-cultural study of the cultural construction and social organization of medical systems in pre-industrial and industrialized societies, including political economy of health, ethnomedicine, international health, ethnopharmacology, bioethics. Prerequisite: Anthropology 2301 or 3301 or permission of instructor.
5344. Research Methods in Ethnology. Examination of methodologies and techniques appropriate for different types of ethnological research. Prerequisites: Advanced standing and ANTH 2301 (or permission of instructor for non-anthropology majors).
5355 (SWST 5355). History of Archaeology of the Southwest. This course will focus on the development of archaeology in the American Southwest by placing it in historical context, discussing the social role of archaeology in general, 19th-century exploration and the impact of early archaeological nds, development of museums, tourism, national monuments, eld schools, and the changing role of the Native Americans.
5359 (ENGL 5371). Linguistics: General. An introduction to modern linguistic science. Topics include phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, dialects, writing systems, child language, language and the brain, and language in education.
5381. Field Methods in Archaeology. Methods of excavation, recording, and interpretation used in archaeological research. Fort Burgwin Research Center. Summer only. Students may petition to have this course fulfill the Lab Science Requirement.
5382. Field Methods in Archaeology. Methods of excavation, recording, and interpretation used in archaeological research. Fort Burgwin Research Center. Summer only. Students may petition to have this course fulfill the Lab Science Requirement.
5681, 5981. Field Methods in Archaeology. Methods of excavation, recording, and interpretation used in archaeological research. Fort Burgwin Research Center. Summer only. Students may petition to have this course fulfill the Lab Science Requirement.
Courses listed under 4350/51/52 or 4390/09 may count for any of the subfields, depending on the topic.
2321 The Dawn of Wisdom: Ancient Creation Stories from Four Civilizations
2331 The Formation of Institutions: Roots of Society
3319 Human Ecology
3322 Statistical Reasoning in Anthropology
4191, 4291, 4391, 4192, 4292, 4392 Independent Study and Research
4366 Theoretical Perspectives in Anthropology
4399 Senior Seminar in Anthropology
5334 History of Anthropology
Subfield I: Archaeology
2302 People of the Earth: Humanity's First Five Million Years
2321 The Dawn of Wisdom: Ancient Creation Stories from Four Civilizations
2363 The Science of Our Past: An Introduction to Archaeology
3304 North American Archaeology
3312 Meso-American Archaeology
3313 South American Indians of the Past and Present
3315 Origins of Civilization
3318 Archaeology of the Southwest
3334 Fantastic Archaeology and Pseudoscience
3356 Before Civilization
3374 Cultures and Environments of the Southwest
3399 Ice Age Americans
4333 Laboratory Methods in Archaeology
4390 Current Issues in Anthropology
5381 Field Methods in Archaeology
5382 Field Methods in Archaeology
5681,5981 Field Methods in Archaeology
Subfield II: Cultural/Social Anthropology
2301 Introductory Cultural Anthropology
2345 Leadership and Race Relations
3300 Race, Gender, and Culture in the African Diaspora
3301 Health, Healing, and Ethics: Cross Cultural Perspectives on Sickness and Society
3303 Psychological Anthropology
3305 The "Other" in America
3310 Gender and Sex Roles: A Global Perspective
3311 Mexico: From Conquest to Cancun
3314 Peoples of Africa
3316 Cultures of the Pacific Islands
3317 Peoples of Southeast Asia
3327 Economic and Political Change in Global Society
3333 The Immigrant Experience
3336 Gender and Globalization
3344 Cultural Aspects of Business
3346 Culture and Diversity in American Life
3348 Asians and the American Public Imagination
3353 Indians of North America
3354 Latin America: Peoples, Places, and Power
3355 Society and Culture in Contemporary Europe
3358 Indians of the Southwest
3366 Magic, Myth, and Religion Across Cultures
3368 Urban Life: A Cross Cultural Perspective
4304 Migration and Ethnicity
4305 Applied Anthropology
4306 Anthropology and Education
4307 Seminar in International Health
4344 Global Population Processes: Anthropological Perspectives
4347 Seminar in Meso-American Ethnology
4367 Comparative Peasant Society
4384 Culture Change and International Development
5336 Anthropology and Medicine
5344 Research Methods in Ethnology
Subfield III: Anthropological Linguistics
3361 Language in Culture and Society
4311 Applied Linguistics
5359 Linguistics (General)
Subfield IV: Physical Anthropology
2315 Human Evolution
3302 Monkeys and Apes: The Nonhuman Primates
3371 Nutritional Problems of Modern Populations
4371 The Nature of the Aging Process
4377 The Human Fossil Record