INVENTION and DISCOVERY:
Printed Books from Fifteenth-Century Europe
An Exhibition at Bridwell Library, February 1 – May 3, 2010
|PRINTING IN SPAIN||
50. INNOCENT VIII (b. 1432, Pont. Max. 1484–1492). [Indulgence promoting the crusade in Granada. Formula for the dead, in Spanish]. Broadside, printed on vellum. [Toledo (or Huete?): Alvaro de Castro], 1490.
This recently discovered vellum
broadside is the only known copy of a previously unrecorded Spanish
indulgence. Originally sold in order to grant the remission of sins to the
souls of deceased family members, this indulgence also raised money for the
“holy crusade” against the Muslim inhabitants of the southern province of
Granada. As stated in the text, one-third of the proceeds went directly to
the military campaign. Although the printer Alvaro de Castro normally worked
in Huete, it is believed that he printed this indulgence under the close
supervision of the Archbishop at Toledo in 1490, just two years prior to the
final reconquest of the last Muslim territories in Spain. The signature of
the buyer was written in the provided space, but is not legible. In the
lower margin is the commissary’s autograph endorsement and the remains of
the wax seal of the Holy Office.
may not be published without the permission of Bridwell Library.