INVENTION and DISCOVERY:
Printed Books from Fifteenth-Century Europe
An Exhibition at Bridwell Library, February 1 – May 3, 2010
|BEGINNINGS IN MAINZ||
7. CICERO, Marcus Tullius (104–43 BCE). De Officiis. [With:] Paradoxa stoicorum; Hexasticha XII Sapientum de titulo Ciceronis; HORACE (65–8 BCE). Ad T. Manlium Torquatum (Carmina IV 7). [Mainz]: Johann Fust and Peter Schoeffer, 1465.
The publication of Cicero’s “On Moral Duties” and “Paradoxes of the Stoics” (along with several brief examples of Classical verse) was one of the most important achievements of the Fust and Schoeffer press. Almost certainly the first appearance of Classical literature in print, the book included the first Latin verse ever printed, and the first known attempt to render Greek words in type.
and Schoeffer’s Greek type, used in the Paradoxa to quote several
short mottoes, does not constitute a complete alphabet and is only minimally
faithful to traditional Greek letter forms. Nevertheless, it likely was seen
as a worthwhile attempt to revive Classical culture. The rubrication of this
copy may be cited as an example of the local “Mainz” style, as an early
inscription on the first leaf indicates that the book was owned by the
Carthusian Charterhouse at Mainz.
may not be published without the permission of Bridwell Library.