INVENTION and DISCOVERY:
Printed Books from Fifteenth-Century Europe
An Exhibition at Bridwell Library, February 1 – May 3, 2010
|PRINTING IN FRANCE||
45. PEDRO MARTÍNEZ DE OSMA (d. 1480). Co[m]mentaria magistri Petri de Osoma in simbolu[m] Quicunq[ue] vult saluus esse. Paris: Ulrich Gering, [c. 1478].
This commentary on the Athanasian Creed is the only work by Pedro de Osma that survives in a fifteenth-century printed edition. Once a highly respected Dominican theologian at the University of Salamanca, Osma was prosecuted by the Inquisition after he claimed in his Tractatus de Confessione (c. 1476) that indulgences and confession were unnecessary for salvation.
Bridwell Library’s copy of Osma’s
Commentaria was inscribed on its final leaf by “Robert Huette,” a
sixteenth-century Englishman. This early ownership suggests that this may be
one of the copies from Gering’s edition that the Parisian bookseller Pierre
Levet imported to Oxford in 1480. A fifteenth-century English rubricator
carefully added red and blue paragraph marks in the spaces preceding each
verse of the Athanasian Creed, but his efforts call his Latin literacy into
question, as these spaces actually were intended for the initial letters of
each verse. For example, the passage of the Creed beginning “[E]ternus
pater” (“Eternal father”) reads “¶ternus pater” instead.
may not be published without the permission of Bridwell Library.