“Heresy and Error”:|
The Ecclesiastical Censorship of Books, 1400–1800
An Exhibition at Bridwell Library, September 20 – December 17, 2010
|THE INDEX OF PROHIBITED BOOKS||
Class I: Prohibited Authors
compilers of the Index librorum
prohibitorum, Martin Luther was the most
significant heretic of the first class. This book is
the only surviving copy of the Dutch translation of
Luther’s principal work on the Eucharist,
Vom Abendmal Christi, Bekendnis.
Its rarity is a direct result of Church censorship.
Beginning in 1520, copies of Luther’s writings were
confiscated and burned in Louvain, and by 1529, the
printing or possession of Protestant works in the
Low Countries carried the death penalty, although
enforcement was lax in cosmopolitan Antwerp.
Throughout this period, most printers of Protestant
texts outside of Germany concealed their identities
behind false imprints. The Belijdinghe was
one of several clandestine editions published in
Antwerp by a printer who often used the pseudonym
“Hans Luft of Marburg.”